perinatal care should be coordinated in a multidisciplinary approach for optimal outcome in the third trimester.
AMCHP is committed to serving state public health leaders and others working to improve the health of women, children, youth and families, including those with special health care needs, in their efforts to improve birth outcomes. This is accomplished through technical assistance, resource development, program planning and evaluation, policy analysis and advocacy, and peer-to-peer exchange.
The perinatal period is defined as the time surrounding childbirth, particularly three months before and one year after. Perinatal health refers to issues affecting women before, during and after childbirth.
Several major risk factors that influence perinatal health include nutrition, smoking, alcohol and drug use, maternal age, spacing of pregnancies, socioeconomic status, level and access of prenatal care, and the presence of HIV. Minorities are disproportionately affected by poor birth outcomes.